Difference Between ABEC 5 and ABEC 7 (With Table)

Difference Between ABEC 5 and ABEC 7 (With Table)

Are you a skateboarder or a skater? You’ve probably heard of the ABEC rating system if that’s the case. ABEC stands for Annular Bearing Engineers Committee, in case you didn’t know. They’ve devised a system for grading or assessing various bearings. Skates with proper bearings glide smoothly. Skate bearings are divided into two types: ABEC 5 and ABEC 7. They are diametrically opposed to one another.

ABEC 5 vs ABEC 7

ABEC 7 bearings provide higher precision and smoother performance than ABEC 5 bearings, making them suitable for applications requiring greater speed and accuracy. The choice depends on the user’s specific needs, with ABEC 7 offering superior performance but at a higher cost.

ABEC 5 vs ABEC 7

An ABEC grade reflects the accuracy and endurance of skateboard bearings. Skaters are frequently perplexed about what this entails and how to obtain the greatest bearings for their board. Skateboarding uses ABEC 5 bearings as a standard. You get a decent level of speed at a fair price. It’s one of the skateboard’s bearing sets.

On the contrary, ABEC 7 bearings would be extremely quick and smooth but also quite costly. Plus, if you skate forcefully or aggressively, you risk injuring them unnecessarily. It’s worth noting that certain low-cost ABEC 7 bearings may not be deserving of this grade.

Comparison Table Between ABEC 5 and ABEC 7

Parameters of ComparisonABEC 5 BearingsABEC 7 Bearings
PrecisionLower precision, suitable for general use.Higher precision, ideal for high-speed and precision applications.
ToleranceTolerances are relatively relaxed, allowing for more variation in manufacturing.Tolerances are stricter, resulting in tighter manufacturing specifications.
PerformanceMay exhibit more friction and less smoothness at higher speeds.Offers smoother and more efficient performance, especially at higher speeds.
ApplicationsCommonly used in everyday applications, such as skateboards and recreational equipment.Preferred for precision machinery, high-speed machinery, and demanding industrial applications.
CostGenerally more affordable due to lower precision requirements.Often comes at a higher cost due to stricter manufacturing standards.
SpeedSuitable for moderate speeds.Ideal for high-speed applications where precise rotation is crucial.
MaintenanceMay require more frequent maintenance to maintain optimal performance.Requires less frequent maintenance due to higher precision.
AvailabilityWidely available and used in a variety of consumer products.Available but may be less common and found in specialized applications.

What is ABEC 5?

ABEC 5 is a widely recognized precision rating standard for ball bearings, frequently used in various machinery and equipment across different industries. ABEC stands for “Annular Bearing Engineers’ Committee,” which established these standards to assess the precision and performance of bearings.

ABEC ratings range from 1 to 9, with ABEC 1 being the least precise and ABEC 9 the most precise. ABEC 5 bearings are positioned in the middle range of precision. They exhibit several key characteristics:

  1. Standard Precision: ABEC 5 bearings provide a standard precision and manufacturing quality level, suitable for general-purpose applications.
  2. Moderate Tolerances: These bearings have moderate manufacturing tolerances, allowing for some variation in component dimensions.
  3. Versatile Use: ABEC 5 bearings are versatile and widely used in everyday applications, such as skateboards, recreational equipment, industrial machinery, and electric motors.
  4. Balanced Performance: They balance performance, durability, and cost-effectiveness, making them a common choice for many applications.
  5. Reasonable RPM: ABEC 5 bearings can handle moderate revolutions per minute (RPM), suitable for most standard applications.
  6. Reliable Rotation: They provide reliable and smooth rotation for typical use cases.

While ABEC 5 bearings may not offer the precision required for highly specialized or high-speed applications, they are well-suited for a broad range of equipment where standard performance is sufficient. The choice of ABEC rating depends on the specific requirements of the application and the desired balance between precision and cost.

What is ABEC 7?

ABEC 7 is a precision rating standard for ball bearings, particularly those used in various machinery and equipment, such as skateboards, rollerblades, electric motors, and industrial machines. ABEC stands for “Annular Bearing Engineers’ Committee,” which defined these standards.

ABEC ratings range from 1 to 9, with ABEC 1 being the least precise and ABEC 9 the most precise. ABEC 7 bearings are positioned in the upper mid-range of precision. Several key features characterize them:

  1. Tighter Tolerances: ABEC 7 bearings have stricter manufacturing tolerances, resulting in more precisely shaped components.
  2. Reduced Radial Play: These bearings have minimal radial play (clearance between the inner and outer rings), which minimizes wobbling and ensures a smoother rotation.
  3. Higher RPM: ABEC 7 bearings are designed to handle higher revolutions per minute (RPM), making them suitable for high-speed applications.
  4. Improved Efficiency: They exhibit lower friction, improving efficiency and reduced heat generation during operation.
  5. Precision Components: ABEC 7 bearings are manufactured with precision-grade components, resulting in a more accurate and consistent rotation.

These characteristics make ABEC 7 bearings suitable for applications where precision and speed are crucial, such as in advanced skateboarding, longboarding, inline skating, and high-performance machinery. However, it’s important to note that while ABEC ratings provide a measure of precision, other factors like material quality, lubrication, and maintenance also play significant roles in bearing performance.

Main Differences Between ABEC 5 and ABEC 7

ABEC 5 Bearings:

  • Standard precision rating.
  • Moderate manufacturing tolerances.
  • Versatile and suitable for general-purpose applications.
  • Balanced performance, durability, and cost-effectiveness.
  • Capable of handling moderate revolutions per minute (RPM).
  • Reliable and smooth rotation for typical use cases.

ABEC 7 Bearings:

  • Higher precision rating.
  • Stricter manufacturing tolerances for more precise components.
  • Ideal for high-speed and precision applications.
  • Superior performance and efficiency at higher RPM.
  • Requires less frequent maintenance due to higher precision.
  • Often used in specialized and demanding industrial applications.


  1. https://asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/tribology/article-abstract/96/3/524/418553
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0042207X87902673
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