Difference Between Abu Dhabi and Jerusalem

Difference Between Abu Dhabi and Jerusalem

Abu Dhabi and Jerusalem are two prominent capital cities that generate many tourists daily. Both are known for certain factors that stand out in each city.

Their fame has been in the tabloids for some time now, even though it is for different purposes. To understand the differences is to understand the significance of both places.

Abu Dhabi vs Jerusalem

The main difference between Abu Dhabi and Jerusalem is that while Abu Dhabi is one of the emirates and the capital of the United Arab Emirates, Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. Though Jerusalem is a disputed place in terms of its governance, Abu Dhabi doesn’t have this kind of dispute regarding its government or any issues regarding its nature.

Difference Between Abu Dhabi and Jerusalem

Abu Dhabi is one of the seven Emirates of the United Arab Emirates. It is also the capital of the UAE. It spans a large land area and is rich in the financial statement released throughout the year since the beginning of the developmental projects for all Emirates. It is home to the President of the UAE.

Jerusalem is a much-debated city and, as of now, is the capital city and the industrial hub for the East Arabian nation of Israel. It has been through many destructive pasts and has seen itself through many reconstructions and restructuring. Before being declared Israel’s capital, Jerusalem was the main city for the Palestinian people. Its wars and issues eventually led the Israeli government to declare it theirs.

Comparison Table Between Abu Dhabi and Jerusalem

Parameters of ComparisonAbu DhabiJerusalem
Area972 square kilometer125.1 square kilometer
Been In WarNoYes
Geographical LandIslandPlateau
Yearly IncomeHighVery low
Capital City OfUAEIsreal, but Palestine also claims its authority over Jerusalem

What is Abu Dhabi?

Abu Dhabi is the capital city of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and one of its seven emirates. Located in the northeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula, Abu Dhabi is the largest of the UAE’s emirates in terms of land area and population. It holds a prominent position in the region as a center for culture, commerce, politics, and tourism.

Key aspects of Abu Dhabi include:

  1. Economic Hub: Abu Dhabi is a major economic powerhouse known for its vast oil reserves and wealth. It has diversified its economy over the years, investing in industries like finance, tourism, and technology to reduce its reliance on oil revenues.
  2. Cultural Landmarks: The city boasts several cultural landmarks, including the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, a stunning architectural masterpiece, and the Louvre Abu Dhabi, a branch of the famous French museum.
  3. Luxury Tourism: Abu Dhabi is a popular tourist destination for its luxurious resorts, high-end shopping malls, and entertainment options. Yas Island, in particular, is home to attractions like Ferrari World and Yas Waterworld.
  4. Government and Diplomacy: As the capital of the UAE, Abu Dhabi houses the federal government and serves as a diplomatic hub. It hosts numerous international conferences and events.
  5. Urban Development: The city has witnessed rapid development in recent decades, with modern infrastructure, skyscrapers, and impressive urban planning projects.
  6. Cultural Diversity: Abu Dhabi is known for its cultural diversity, with a significant expatriate population contributing to its cosmopolitan atmosphere.

Abu Dhabi is a dynamic and forward-looking city that plays a crucial role in shaping the UAE’s and the region’s future. Its blend of tradition and modernity makes it a fascinating destination for visitors and a thriving center of commerce and diplomacy in the Middle East.

What is Jerusalem?

Jerusalem is one of the oldest and most historically significant cities in the world, located in the Middle East. It holds deep religious, cultural, and historical significance for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, making it a focal point of tension and diplomacy in the region.

Key aspects of Jerusalem include:

  1. Religious Significance: Jerusalem is considered holy by all three Abrahamic religions. For Jews, it is the site of the Western Wall and the historical location of the First and Second Temples. For Christians, it is where many events in the life of Jesus took place, including the Crucifixion and Resurrection. In Islam, it is home to the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock.
  2. Historical Importance: Jerusalem has a rich history dating back thousands of years, with archaeological sites revealing ancient civilizations’ presence. It has been conquered and ruled by various empires and civilizations throughout history.
  3. Modern Status: Jerusalem’s status is a contentious issue in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israel claims Jerusalem as its capital, while Palestinians seek East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. This dispute has led to ongoing tensions and diplomatic challenges.
  4. Cultural Heritage: The Old City of Jerusalem, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is home to numerous historical and religious landmarks, including the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Western Wall, and the Old City walls.
  5. Diverse Population: The city has a diverse population of Jews, Muslims, Christians, and others. It is known for its cultural diversity, with various communities coexisting within its boundaries.

Jerusalem’s complex and multifaceted identity continues to shape the geopolitical landscape of the Middle East and remains a symbol of religious devotion, historical heritage, and political conflict.

Main Differences Between Abu Dhabi and Jerusalem

Abu Dhabi:

  • The capital city of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
  • Located on the northeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula.
  • Known for its vast oil reserves and diversified economy.
  • A major economic hub with a focus on finance, tourism, and technology.
  • Home to cultural landmarks like the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque and Louvre Abu Dhabi.
  • A popular luxury tourist destination with high-end resorts and entertainment options.
  • Houses the federal government of the UAE and serves as a diplomatic hub.
  • Rapid urban development with modern infrastructure and skyscrapers.
  • Known for its cultural diversity with a significant expatriate population.
  • Located in a desert region with a hot desert climate.


  • An ancient city located in the Middle East.
  • Holds deep religious and historical significance for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
  • A focal point of tension and diplomacy in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
  • Known for its historical importance, dating back thousands of years.
  • Home to religious landmarks like the Western Wall, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and Al-Aqsa Mosque.
  • A UNESCO World Heritage Site with the Old City of Jerusalem.
  • Central to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, with disputed status as a capital city.
  • A diverse population of Jews, Muslims, Christians, and others.
  • A symbol of religious devotion, historical heritage, and political conflict.
  • Located in a region with a Mediterranean climate.


Both Jerusalem and Abu Dhabi are as different as any two cities in this world could be despite their presence in the same region, the Middle East.

Jerusalem has a lot of history to offer its visitors and natives because of its rich culture and traditions.

However, due to persistent wars and other governmental issues, it has had to relinquish many of its unique treasures.

Abu Dhabi is a proper metropolitan city that is a shimmering globe when night falls.

It is always bustling with people filled with joy and people who come for vacations and other confidential purposes.


  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=a083SCIWyqoC&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=jerusalem&ots=kGu_5yyVlH&sig=Dbd1idX7-qvKzH1OkgPXsz2EebM
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Hi! I'm Nidhi.

Here at the EHL, it's all about delicious, easy recipes for casual entertaining. So come and join me at the beach, relax and enjoy the food.

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