How Long Does Pain Last After MVA (And Why)?

Exact Answer: One To Two Weeks

MVA stands for manual vacuum aspiration, and it is the process in which vacuum is used for removing a fetus or embryo through the cervix of a woman. This is generally performed for abortion or if miscarriage happens to a mother. It is also helpful in obtaining a sample of the uterine lining, scientifically termed as an endometrial biopsy.

Medical experts consider this process very safe for the removal of an embryo or fetus from the body. In rare cases, patients have complained of severe complications because of manual vacuum aspiration. Evacuation and Dilation are two terms that are mainly used while referring to vacuum aspiration.

How Long Does Pain Last After MVA?

Hard metal curette was used anciently for removing the contents from the uterine. But Wu Xianzhen and Wu Yuantai from China pioneered vacuum aspiration in the year 1958. In the beginning, this technique was only used in China as the method’s efficacy was still not proven. Fifteen years after its discovery, the original papers of both the Chinese doctors were translated into English, and all the medical experts globally accepted this technique for uterine treatment and other conditions like abortion and miscarriage.

Henry Morgentaler introduced this technique in Canada with an impressive complication rate of just 0.48%. In more than five thousand patients that he treated using this technique, there were no cases of deaths that proved the efficacy of this process. In 1967, Dorothea Kerslake used this technique for the first time in the United Kingdom, and it was found out to be very successful. The United States adopted this technique in the mid-1970s when Harvey Karman tested this on his patients and proved its efficacy.

Complications Due To MVATime After MVA
CrampsAbout one week
Vaginal BleedingAbout two weeks

MVA is a susceptible process and might be painful for some patients. Cramps are observed in patients that keep on recurring for about seven days. Vaginal bleeding is also common in patients on whom MVA is conducted. Bleeding can last anywhere between seven to fourteen days and is very painful for the woman.

Why Does Pain Last That Long After MVA?

Vacuum aspiration is an outpatient process, and it takes only a few hours of treatment in the clinic to complete it. The exact procedure is usually completed within fifteen minutes, and then the patient is allowed to rest, and some energy drinks along with fruits and dry fruits are given to them. Vacuum suction is used to suck the remaining fetus or embryo in the vagina. This process is very effective and is also considered safe. This process does not harm the patient. But it is ok to feel a bit of weakness due to the loss of blood from the body.

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It is normal to feel pain after completing the procedure because it provides food and nutrition to the fetus. As soon as it is removed, the balance of the body gets disturbed, and the body requires time to recover properly. Cramps are most commonly observed because of vacuum suction, which can make the muscles a bit tender. Vaginal bleeding is also widespread because the vacuum creates a small hole, and the remains of the fetus are removed from the body through it.

A patient who has been treated with MVA is observed for another four weeks by a medical expert. Regular appointments are scheduled to check the health of the patient. Doctors also test the patient for various infections to check whether they have been infected or not. Most of the infections are not harmful and can be treated by taking regular medications.

Conclusion

Overall, it can be concluded that MVA is a shorthand used for the medical treatment process manual vacuum aspiration. This procedure is carried out to treat conditions of abortion and miscarriage along with the removal of uterine contents. It is an empathetic process and requires a lot of precision to be completed successfully.

It is normal to feel cramps for one week and vaginal bleeding for two weeks after the treatment. Chinese doctors are credited for introducing this technology in the medical field, and soon it was adopted by medical experts of all the countries. Infections can also occur after the treatment; that’s why medical guidance is essential.

References

  1. https://triggered.edina.clockss.org/ServeContent?url=http://archfami.ama-assn.org%2Fcgi%2Fcontent%2Ffull%2F7%2F6%2F559
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/j.1600-0412.2001.080006563.x
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