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How Long Do Septic Tanks Last (And Why)?

Exact Answer: 15 And 40 Years

A septic tank is a container that collects and holds wastewater so it can be pumped away or disposed of.

A typical home has three parts to its plumbing system: the water supply, the drainage system for sinks, showers, and toilets (also called “sewage”), and the drainpipe that carries this waste out into an external sewer line or an on-site sewage treatment plant. 

The first two are typically connected using pipes with traps at their junctures; these traps have slits in them so that any solid material passing through them remains within the pipe instead of blocking it up. This is why many are left wondering how long septic tanks last.

How Long Do Septic Tanks Last?

TypeDuration
Septic tanks15 to 40 years
Septic tanks cleaning3 to 5 years

The lifespan of a septic tank varies depending on the type and age of the septic system for new systems; it’s best to replace them after 10 years or when they start experiencing leaks. Old systems may last up to 10-40 years before needing replacement.

This timeline will vary depending on the region and individual home, but it’s important to note that one should always be inspected for wear after 10-15 years. If one notices that a tank has reached its expiration date or if there are any leaks, it is best to get it fixed before matters get worse.

Septic tanks offer several benefits for homeowners: 

1. Reduced environmental impact – A properly functioning septic tank helps reduce the number of pollutants going into local water bodies, adversely affecting aquatic life and drinking water supplies. 

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2. Reduced cost of wastewater treatment – Municipalities often charge homeowners a fee to treat their wastewater. Using a septic tank can eliminate or greatly reduce this cost in many cases. 

3. Reduced risk of groundwater contamination – When improperly maintained, septic tanks can contaminate groundwater supplies. A properly functioning septic tank reduces this risk. 

4. Storage capacity for wastewater – A septic tank can store up to several thousand gallons of wastewater.

To ensure that the septic system lasts for decades without any problems: 

  1. Use high-quality pipes with steel joints when connecting plumbing lines to avoid leaks at joints over time due to corrosion.
  2. Use galvanized bolts and nuts that are resistant to rusting.
  3. Connections should be made tight enough but not too tight, so water cannot leak from underneath connections while being flushed by gravity.

Why Would Septic Tanks Last So Long?

The septic tank lasts so long because it’s not just the tank itself that lasts a long time, but also any parts installed on or inside of it, for example, if one has a pump outside their house. It’s made out of stainless steel with a rubber seal around its motor shaft to keep out water and debris -the pump will last much longer than one made out of plastic which would break down much faster in an environment.

Hence, even though these tanks can’t be cleaned every year, there are still ways to extend their lifespan by ensuring everything is properly cleaned before winter hits.

Another reason why the septic tank lasts so long is because it filters the wastewater and converts it to sludge. This process removes harmful bacteria, viruses, chemicals, and heavy metals from the wastewater before releasing clean water into one’s home’s plumbing system.

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Septic tanks should be pumped and cleaned regularly as the manufacturer or local health department recommended. Failing to maintain septic tanks can lead to many costly problems, including backups and spills.

To maintain the septic tank:

  1. Pump it out regularly
  2. Keep vehicles and other heavy equipment off of the septic tank lid
  3. Repair any cracks or leaks in the tank 
  4. Avoid flushing non-biodegradable items 

Conclusion

Overall, the lifespan of a septic tank largely depends on the type and condition of the soil it’s installed in. Most tanks can last 15-40 years with minimal maintenance if installed properly. However, improper installation or poor quality soil may accelerate wear or failure after only 10 years. 

When septic tanks fail, they can produce noxious odors at the best of times and pollute rivers and lakes and endanger public health at worst. As a result, if one has a septic wastewater system, one must ensure it is properly maintained.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0161642087800131 
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1468-3083.2009.03543.x 
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