How To Hit Long Irons (And Why)?

Exact Answer: Higher Arm Speed And Lower Loft Angle

Iron is a tool used in the game of golf for hitting the balls. There is a designated hole, and the golfer needs to put the ball inside that hole. The golfer is not allowed to use the hands to throw the ball in the hole. They can only strike the ball with the help of the iron tool.

If a golfer fails to put the ball inside the hole for the first time, he will be given multiple opportunities to hit the ball. There are various types of Irons available. Each iron has a different specialty, and it depends on the distance between the hole and the ball that which iron should be used.

How To Hit Long Irons

How To Hit Long Irons?

Irons have smaller clubheads and shorter shafts than woods. Iron and Steel are the two materials used to construct the head of the iron, and the primary feature of the head is an angled face, flat, significant, scored with grooves. Irons serve various purposes, such as teeing shorter holes or grounds from the rough or fairway as the golfer approaches the green, for extracting the ball from shallow water hazards and bunkers.

A standard set of golf clubs is fourteen, and it contains between seven and eleven irons, including wedges. In present times, irons are assigned a number ranging from one to ten, and the number depends on several factors such as the angle of the loft on the clubface. The rise mainly increases as the number of iron increases. A set of irons can also vary in shaft length and clubhead size. Some irons have a higher loft than the numbered ones, and they are known as wedges. Wedges are marked by a letter that indicates their name.

Factors Affecting Long IronsHow It Helps In Hitting Long Irons
Arm speedHigher arm speed increases the distance
Loft AngleHigher loft angle decreases the distance

The two significant factors that decide the distance of the ball are Arm speed and loft angle. The distance traveled by the ball is linear to the arm speed of the golfer. In contrast, if the loft angle is high, then the ball will gain more height than the distance.

Why To Hit Long Irons?

Long Irons have the most extended shafts and the lowest loft and are the irons numbered between two to four. They are accommodating in hitting the ball for long distances between two hundred to two hundred fifty yards. Low launch angles help hit the ball so long. Long Irons are primarily used from the rough or the fairway. But is also very helpful in punching out the ball from underneath the trees. They are considered the most complex iron to hit because the low angle on the iron gives a smaller striking face compared to others.

Long irons are now used on very few occasions as hybrid irons have replaced them. Hybrid irons are significantly easier to hit and give the same overall performance as a long iron. Another fact is that the long irons don’t allow the golfer to turn their shoulders to hit the ball. However, if appropriately swung, long irons produce a much faster clubhead speed than the shorter ones.

A golfer stands far from the ball when they are using long irons because it requires space to swing the long irons properly. It is not very easy to figure out how far to stand from the ball, and it involves a lot of practice and gameplay to figure out how to use long irons properly. Golfers practice for months before perfecting the swing on long irons.


Overall, it can be concluded that long iron is referred to as a tool that is used to hit the golf ball for longer distances. These types of iron have longer shafts, and the loft angle is also less. Both these factors help in hitting the ball for longer distances.

It has been found out that to hit long nails perfectly, the golfer must have a higher arm speed and lower loft angle. All this takes a lot of practice, and it is not easy to master the use of long iron in a short time. Long irons help hit the ball nearly two hundred yards away.


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