Exact Answer: Within 2 To 3 Working Days
Autopsy or Abduction or Post-mortem examination or necropsy is a specialized surgery done in the body of a dead person. An Autopsy can be area-specific and also it can be a whole-body examination. There are two types of autopsies. One is the medico-legal or forensic autopsy and the other is a hospital or medical autopsy.
Medical autopsies are conducted mainly for research purposes. Forensic or medico-legal autopsies are done to find the time and cause of the death. The medico-legal autopsy is used to solve crimes. By determining the reasons for the death of a person crimes can be solved easily.
How Long After Autopsy Is Body Released?
|Medical Autopsies||Research purposes|
|Forensic Autopsies||To solve crimes|
It takes around 2 to 3 days before the body is released after an autopsy. Imagine a murder has taken place. To find the murderer the police would search for clues. One of the most important clues for solving a crime is that to find out when the murder had taken place. The approximate time of death of a person is calculated by the surgeons by examining the body and by checking the temperature of the body. Many techniques are there for calculating the time of death.
The physical, observable changes in the body after death are monitored for 28 to 48 hours. The first main physical change is Pallor Mortis. After the heart stops beating, the circulation of blood throughout the entire body is slowed down and stops eventually. The organs like skin stop receiving blood from the heart and so the skin will look pale. The paleness appears from 15 to 30 minutes after death. This sign is very easily noticeable.
The next sign is Algor Mortis. Human beings maintain a constant internal body temperature of 37 degrees Celsius on average. The circulatory system plays an important role in maintaining the constant temperature in the body. After death, as the heart stops beating, the temperature of the body decreases by 2 degrees in the first hour based on the surrounding temperature and it keeps on decreasing for every one hour. But this sign is not an accurate way to calculate the death time because it depends on the external conditions or the surroundings.
Why Does It Take 2 To 3 Days For The Body To Be Released After Autopsy?
To find how a person died the doctors first have to monitor the physical changes in the body and later go with the surgical procedure. This is the main reason why the body is released after 2 days. After the Pallor Mortis and Algor Mortis signs are noted the surgeons go for the next sign, the Rigor Mortis. This is one of the important signs to determine the time of death of a person. This is called stiff death as it occurs due to the contraction of muscles in the body.
The brain activity gradually reduces after death and then stops entirely. Therefore the brain cannot give signals to the muscles to contract and therefore the muscles remain relaxed. This is called Primary Flaccidity. This lasts for 1 to 2 hours after the death. Rigor Mortis is more reliable than Algor Mortis because it is not affected by any external conditions. The next sign is Liver Mortis. Normally, blood moves through the entire body with the help of the heart.
But after death, the blood in the body stops circulating and is pooled where gravitational forces are more. This starts from 15 to 30 minutes after death. But it is visible after 2 hours after death. This is called lividity and it starts to become fixed after 6 hours. This happens because the blood vessels will start to break down. Then a purple color develops after 8 to 12 hours. The purple color develops because of the deoxygenation of hemoglobin. This is the best method to determine the time of death.
With Lividity, not only the time of death is determined but also the cause of death can be determined. Autopsy follows a pattern where first the fingerprint of the victim is taken, then an x-ray is taken to find the bone dislocations or bullet locations in the body, and similarly all external examinations will be done.
Then begins the internal examination where a Y-incision or T-incision is made in the body. Then the skin is peeled and the surgeons go deeper. Now all the organs are pulled out from the body for further examination. The final stage is the head and brain examination. All these are done properly by the surgeons and so it takes 2 to 3 days to release the body.