How Many Years A Person Can Be PM In India (And Why)?

Exact Answer: For five years

The PM (Prime Minister) is the most important power of a nation. The executive sector of governance is completely managed and handled by the leader of the nation, the Prime Minister. He is the official head of the council of cabinet ministers. He is even known to be the prime adviser commanding decisions to the President. However, in India, there is no hard and fast rule stating the educational qualifications of a Prime Minister. A person just needs to fulfill the basic eligibility criteria to enjoy the perks of being the Prime Minister of the largest democracy.



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The Prime Minister should belong to either of the houses i.e. either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. Generally, after the elections, the leader of the winning party is offered to be the Prime Minister. However, A Prime Minister can rule for about 5 years.

How Many Years A Person Can Be PM In India?

Type Time
Exact time 5 years
Average time10 years

The Prime Minister is the most respected position in the entire system of governance. As the leader of the cabinet, he/she has the power to choose and dismiss the members of the cabinet according to his wish. However, he/she even has to supply validating information and proof to support his/her actions. A successful Prime Minister has to ensure the support of the majority of members in Lok Sabha. He has to assist the government and the cabinet in their decisions and actions.

Since independence, India has adopted the parliamentary system in governance. It is the type of governance in which the Prime Minister presides as the leader of the nation. The President has to act on the advice given by the Prime Minister. From its independence on 15th August 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister. He was presided over by Lal Bahadur Shastri after 17 years of rule. Followed by Shastri, Jawaharlal Nehru’s daughter Indira Gandhi took her position. She became the first female to acquire the position of Prime Minister.

The President of India is considered the Head of the State. The Prime Minister heads him and assists him in his decisions. One can note that the President holds the key responsibilities of protecting the law. The President had been known to control the affairs of the state. However, the Prime Minister had been mentioned in only some of the articles. In particular, there are only four articles that have mentions of The Prime Minister. Despite this, he/she has been regarded as the prime authority in power. After being appointed as the Prime Minister, he/she can hold office for 5 years at maximum.

Why Can A Person Stay So Long As PM In India?

Article 84 lays down the basic principles which a candidate must fulfill to be the Prime Minister. The main eligibility criteria are that he/she should be an Indian citizen. The candidate should even possess a position as a member in either of the houses. If he doesn’t have one, then he should do so within 6 months. The person should be above 25 years of age. The person should not even hold any office where he/she can earn profit. On fulfilling these eligibility criteria, a person is eligible for being appointed as the Prime Minister of India.

The Prime Minister is expected to be responsible for the functions and duties as the authority of the nation. He/she is even accountable for the distribution of actions between the members. The cabinet ministers are allocated different portfolios. But, the Prime Minister takes hold of the various portfolios which aren’t managed by the cabinet. He/she even consults with the cabinet for scheduling the meetings of both the houses. He/she even has to answer the questions put up by the Government. The questions of the cabinet must also be answered by the Prime Minister.

All the important meetings of the government require the attendance of the highest ruling authority of the nation. In such meetings and delegations, the Prime Minister represents the nation. The Prime Minister is even responsible for addressing the nation during important sessions. He/she even forms the medium of communication between the cabinet and the President. All the important decisions are taken by him/her after proper consultation with the President.


Apart from this, the Prime Minister even has many administrative powers. He/she appoints the members of Election Commissions (ECS), UPSC, AG, SG, FC, and others. He even has legislative powers as the head of the Lok Sabha. He/she even has the power to conduct and suspend sessions in cases of emergency.

The Prime Minister is the supreme authority of the nation. Along with so many responsibilities, he/she even has many perks and facilities which make life enjoyable. Every politician desires to be a Prime Minister. However, one even needs to work hard for the position and the perks. The Prime Minister has to fulfill his/her duties for sustaining in the government even after the completion of the tenure.


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