How Long Did The Byzantine Empire Last (And Why)?

Exact Answer: Around 1100 Years

Several different theories explain the timeline period during which the Byzantine empire period existed. 

Among the different theories and explanations prevalent in the current time for the timeline of the Byzantine Empire period, the most believed and considered to be the most accurate timeline of the Byzantine empire period is the one from 330 to 1453.

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How Long Did The Byzantine Empire Last?

Phases of the Byzantine EmpireTime
Early Byzantine period330 to 843
Middle Byzantine period843 to 1204
Late Byzantine period1204 to 1453

Many scholars and histologists believe that the Byzantine empire began in Constantinople in 330 and fell in 1453, to the ottomans. The time for which the Byzantine empire lasted is generally divided into 3 different periods by the scholars.

The three different periods for which the Byzantine empire is divided are the early byzantine period, the middle Byzantine period, and lastly the late byzantine period. These three periods are majorly used to describe the timeline of the Byzantine empire and are also used to determine the time for how long the Byzantine period lasted.

The early Byzantine period is generally addressed to the period in which the Byzantine Empire came into its origin and became an empire during that time. It is believed by many scholars that the early Byzantine period started in 330, and lasted till around 843.

The middle Byzantine period is generally used to address the period when the Byzantine period covered more territories and it was gaining its powers as an empire. This period majorly refers to the time when the Byzantine period was at its peak. It is believed by many scholars that the early Byzantine period started in 843, and lasted till around 1204.

The late Byzantium period is generally used to address the period when the Byzantine period began to lose its powers, and its withhold over the captured territories, which consequent;y resulted in the fall of the byzantine empire. It is believed by many scholars that the early Byzantine period started in 1204, and lasted till around 1453.

Why Did The Byzantine Empire Last?

The early Byzantine period began when Christianity got accepted by the people, which initiated the beginning of a new era. Though Christianity was accepted by many people by that time, it was Constantine who embraced Christianity as a religion.

In 330, Constantine moved the empire to a place called Constantinople, which he called the second Rome. The place which he called the second Rome was found on a Byzantine site of byzantine. Thus, the Byzantine Empire came into existence in 330.

In the early Byzantine period, the empire began to expand and cover more regions under its territories. Some of the initial regions which were conquered by the Byzantine empire were some parts of Egypt and some other regions of North Africa towards the south side.

Apart from these regions, other parts to be conquered by the Byzantine period were Anatolia, which is now known as Turkey, the Levant towards the eastern side, Italy, and Southern Iberian Peninsula towards the west side. These regions also included some parts which are in current time known as Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Israel. 

The middle Byzantine period was the time the byzantine empire was at its peak in terms of strength and wealth. 

Though during the middle byzantine period the empire lost a couple of its territories which it conquered during the early Byzantine period, it still became more and more strong in terms of finance and wealth.

One of the major instances that happened during the middle byzantine period was the ‘Great Schism’. This event occurred in the year 1054. In simple words, this event was just the contradictions between the orthodox Christians who belonged to the byzantine empire and the Roman Catholics who belonged to western Europe.

The major reason behind that was because, during this period, the byzantine empire was witnessing tensions with the people of western Europe which consequently led to the great schism. 

Conclusion

The Byzantine period lasted for about 1123 years, that is from the year 330 to the year 1453. Lastly, the late Byzantine empire is for the fall of the byzantine empire. The military of the Byzantine empire was lost to the ottomans. As a result, the Ottomans took over the byzantine empire resulting in its fall.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=U6PnAwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR3&dq=byzantine+empire&ots=TXiwqSSoNw&sig=6q1HX1HCbi-roIETwFn8Upl8Trk
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=rSvf_KMYQiwC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=byzantine+empire&ots=ihOrSDQP21&sig=6EmRTQVqyuVR03Cm5rLkFFCuz6Q
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